The Prophet PBUH didn’t use cars in his time, then why don’t we use camels also? There were no microphones in his time, it means giving athan through microphone is also bidah then!
Yep! That’s exactly the response I’ve heard a zillion times when I inform people about some of the most common practices are actually bi’dah since the Prophet PBUH didn’t do them.
In sha Allah the topic of bi’dah would be addressed in a separate post soon but for now I would like to reply to all those who say this:
The knowledge given to man is divided into 2 parts: Acquired Knowledge and Revealed Knowledge.
The acquired knowledge is the knowledge of the Physical World which is acquired through our 5 senses.
When we see, hear, smell, taste or touch the new information is passed to our brain which process it, generates an output and stores it. As the new pieces of information further increases, it is stored too and the brain reconciles it with the previous information stored thus generating new outputs further. Slowly and gradually this information increases and thats how man is continuously inventing and discovering new things.
This knowledge is completely different from the Revealed knowledge.
This acquired knowledge is actually related to the knowledge which was given to Adam (AS) which Allah swt mentions in Surah Baqarah:
وَعَلَّمَ آدَمَ الْأَسْمَاءَ كُلَّهَا
And He taught Adam the names – all of them. [2:31]
You know how the mango seed has actually the potential mango tree in it, once its in the soil and receives water, slowly a few leaves starts to grow then eventually in the span of 2-3 years it has grown into a mango tree, the same way the scholars have a consensus (ijma) that Adam AS was taught the potential knowledge of everything and now its being exfoliated and growing rapidly and we cant say how far this knowledge will go. Its like a self grown plant which is increasing as time is passing.
This is the Human Knowledge of the Physical World.
We are actually urged to learn and excel in the field of Technology, Human Sciences, Astronomy, Mathematics etc to use it in the service of our deen.
As for the Revealed Knowledge, it is the guidance which Allah SWT has sent. Allah SWT said to Adam AS when he and Hawa AS were sent to the Earth:
فَإِمَّا يَأْتِيَنَّكُم مِّنِّي هُدًى
And when guidance comes to you from Me.[2:38]
Previously Allah swt had sent other Holy books to the previous nations, there were also for guidance as Allah swt says:
إِنَّا أَنزَلْنَا التَّوْرَاةَ فِيهَا هُدًى وَنُورٌ
Indeed, We sent down the Torah, in which was guidance and light.
But gradually as time flew, nations came, prophets were sent, this guidance was completed in the Holy Quran.
To sum it up, the practices of Islam has nothing to do with technology or any other worldly advancement.
In fact, we are urged to follow and be up-to-date with the latest and advanced discoveries in the field of the Physical Science and as for the Religious practices we are given the complete guidance in the Book of Allah and the teachings of His beloved Prophet PBUH.
* Taken from the works of Dr Israr Ahmed ( May Allah have mercy on him)