Establishing Foundations in Madinah|#WhoIsMuhammad PBUH

After the Prophet PBUH set out from Makkah with his companion, Abu Bakr-May Allah be pleased with him-stayed 3 days in the Cave of Thaur finally reached Madinah after building the first masjid of Islam in Quba, Masjid-ul-Quba and prayed the first Friday prayer there. 

Part 19

The people of Madinah have been waiting for the Prophet-Peace be upon him- since quite a long now, they would go to the outskirts  of the city and look for his whereabouts. 

The day the Prophet-Peace be upon him-arrived was a day rejoiced by the people of Madinah, he was warmly welcomed by them and everyone wanted him-Peace be upon him-to stay in their house. This decision was left by him -Peace be upon him-to his she-camel, Qaswa, as to where she would sit will be the place he-Peace be upon him-would stay. Qaswa sat at the site of the now Masjid An-Nabwi , which was an empty spot at that time belonging to two orphans. The Prophet-Peace be upon him-purchased this piece of land from the orphans, in spite of their refusal to take any money from the Prophet-Peace be upon him- and the construction of Masjid An-Nabwi commenced. The Prophet-Peace be upon him-himself participated in the construction, which is an exceptional example of a true leader. 

One of the most important issue that had to be addressed was the rehabilitation of the Mujahreen, the Muslims of Makkah that had left all their belongings in Makkah and nothing at the moment. The Prophet-Peace be upon him-brotherhood amongst  the Muhajreen and the Ansar (people of Madinah). Each Muhajir was placed in a brotherly relation with an Ansar. 

The Ansar divided everything they possessed into half and gave it their Muhajir brother, their house, business, everything. They helped with everything they could possibly help with.

The next step taken was setting up the Charter of Madinah, which defined the relationaship between the Muslims and the non-Muslims living in Madinah and how Madinah would be governed under Islamic Law. 

There were three main Jewish tribes living in Madinah, namley Banu Quraizah, Banu Qainiqah and Banu Nadeer. The Prophet-Peace be upon him-clearly outlined an agreement with them which stated as followed:

  1. The Jews have religious freedom and no interference would be done by the Muslims in respect to that. 

2. Both parties, the Muslims and Jews, would protect Madinah in case of an attack. 

3. Both parties would remain under friendly terms. 

4. If either one of the party gets attacked, the other would help and defend them. 

5. Neither one of them would help the Quraiysh. 

6. If either one of them made peace with an enemy, the other would do so except if its in the case of religious dispute. 

Thus, an agreement was made on how Madinah would run under the leadership of the Prophet-Peace be upon him-where everyone gets to practice their religion and be it a Muslim or non-Muslim everyone is treated with equality, no discrimination, no religious interference. 

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Towards Madinah |#WhoIsMuhammad PBUH

Allahuma-Sali-ala-sayidna-Muhammad-was-salim

Part 18 (II)

The Quraysh declared a prize of hundred camels for whoever finds Muhammad, so everyone went out to find him and Abu Bakr.

But the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم instead of going in the direction of Yathrib, he went in the opposite direction towards Yemen. He had Abu Bakr with him. When they had reached Mount Thawr, Abu Bakr entered first to see if everything was clear, and he covered the few holes that was there inside with a cloth. They entered the cave and the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم slept on Abu Bakr رضي الله عنه ‘s lap. Suddenly, something stung Abu Bakr’s foot, nut he did not twitch, fearing that would wake the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم, but the pain was so intense that tears began to roll down his cheeks and fell on the Prophets’ صلى الله عليه وسلمface . the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم woke up and saw Abu Bakr was in pain , so he applied some spittle on the injury and the pain disappeared. For three nights the Prophet and Abu Bakr stayed in the cave, and during this time the Abu Bakr’s son Abdullah would spend the nights in the outskirts of Makkah and update them about the news of Quraysh. Abu Bakr’s slave,would graze his goats near the mountain and provide them with fresh milk.

Meanwhile the search party scoured the south of Makkah where the Prophet and Abu Bakr were hiding. Once the Quraysh even came upon the mouth of the cave , and they had looked down while standing at the edge of the cavem they would have surely found the men they were hunting. With Quraysh so close to discovering their hiding place, Abu Bakr became very tensed about the Prophet’s safety. The Prophet reassured him,

“How can you be apprehensive about two with whom is the third, especially when the third one is Allah?”

On the first night of Rabi-ul-Awwal, the guide hired by the Prophet came to take them to Yathrib with Abu Bakr’s two camels. Abu Bakr’s slave also accompanied them.

They journeyed all night and half of the next day. The Prophet rested for a night and they resumed the journey the next day and on the way they found a tent of Umm Ma’bad on the outskirts of a place known as Qadid, about 130 km from Makkah. They asked her if she had anything to offer for four weary travelers, and she apologized since she had nothing to offer, saying that her goats were grazing far away. The one she had with her was unable to give enough milk for the four travelers.

The Prophet asked for permission to milk it, and when he did, the milk overflowed from its udders. He filled a large bowl with milk and first let her drinkm after that the other travelers drank their share of the milk. After they had finished, he milked the goat once again and left a whole bowl of milk for her. When Umm Ma’bad told her husband of what happened, he said: “That was the man from the Quraysh that I have been hearing about, if I ever have the opportunity, I will join his followers.

On the third morning, and when they left Qadid , a man by the name Suraqa bin Malik spotted them.  When he came close to the Prophet and his companions, the Prophet was unconcerned, he kept moving reciting the verses of the Qur’an all through. And everytime Suraqa tried to come close, his horse would slip on the sand, and finally he surrendered to the Prophet. Suraqa offered them food, but they refused his ration, but the Prophet told him not to inform the Quraysh about their whereabouts and he agreed, and asked to be given a letter of safe conduct for future security. He then returned to Makkah and told the hunters that their search will go vain since he searched the whole area and failed to find the fugitives.

The four travelers continued their journey and reached Qubaa, which was on the outskirts of Madinah (Yathrib), where they were warmly welcomed.

The Quraysh Plot to Kill the Prophet | #WhoIsMuhammad PBUH

Allahuma-Sali-ala-sayidna-Muhammad-was-salim

Part 18

When the Muslims were facing difficulty under the hands of the Quraysh, and when they thought all hope was lost, few from Yathrib (the now Madinah) embraced Islam and they happily agreed to help their fellow brothers and sisters suffering in Makkah.
This did not go well down the throat of the Quraysh , so they plotted to kill the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم

Continue reading

Open Preaching and Reaction of the Quraysh| #WhoIsMuhammad?

Allahuma-Sali-ala-sayidna-Muhammad-was-salim

After receiving the divine revelation, the Prophet [Peace be upon him] started to preach the message of Islam to his close family and friends. Khadijah, Abu Bakr, Ali, Zaid [May Allah be pleased with them all] were amongst the first ones to embrace Islam.

EPISODE 7

The Prophet [Peace be upon him] continued to preach secretly for 3 years until Allah commanded him to spread the message of truth openly and publicly.

Allah says: [وأنذر عشيرتك الأقربين]

And warn (O Muhammed) your nearest kindred. [26:214]

 

One day the Prophet (ﷺ) ascended Safa mountain and said, “Oh Sabah! ” All the Quraish gathered round him and said, “What is the matter?” He said, Look, if I told you that an enemy is going to attack you in the morning or in the evening, would you not believe me?” They said, “Yes, we will believe you.” He said, “I am a warner to you in face of a terrible punishment.” On that Abu Lahab said, “May you perish ! Is it for this thing that you have gathered us?” …

[Bukhari Book 65 Hadith 4801]

On his statement Allah revealed Surah Masad where He informed of Abu Lahab’s severe punishment which he earned by insulting the Messenger of Allah and rejecting the divine message:

[Perish the hands of the Father of Flame! Perish he! (1) No profit to him from all his wealth, and all his gains! (2) Burnt soon will he be in a Fire of Blazing Flame! (3)] 111:1-3

 

After the Prophet [Peace be upon him] started preaching publicly, the number of people entering the fold of Islam started increasing day by day. The Quraiysh became fearful of the new religion their people were becoming committed to. They wanted the religion of their forefathers to prevail over Arabia for as long as possible. They knew the new religion Mohammad was preaching didn’t allow them to practice any immoral and corrupt laws. They decided to stop people from converting to Islam by torturing the newly converted Muslims.

Arise and Warn | #WhoIsMohammad PBUH

Allahuma-Sali-ala-sayidna-Muhammad-was-salimArabia was submerged and engulfed by the violent and unwise practices of its people. The birth of the prophet in the “Times of Ignorance” was a sign of Allah’s mercy upon mankind. He had chosen yet once again to guide His people towards the right path through His messenger peace be upon him. The prophet peace be upon him belonged to one of the most famous tribes in Arabia. He was an orphan since his birth. His mother died when he turned six. After the tragic death of his grandfather too, Abu Talib, his uncle took him in his custody. The Prophet was an illiterate man and worked as a shepherd in his youth.

EPISODE 6

“O you (Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) enveloped (in garments), arise and warn”
(Qur’an 74:1-2)

Immediately after the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم  got the command from Allah to proclaim the message of Islam, he wasted no time. Calling a group of people who were rooted on idolatry to the oneness of Allah (Tawheed) was not an easy task, Continue reading

Jibreel comes down with the Quran |#WhoIsMohammad PBUH

Allahuma-Sali-ala-sayidna-Muhammad-was-salim.jpg

EPISODE 5

Arabia was submerged and engulfed by the violent and unwise practices of its people. The birth of the prophet in the “Times of Ignorance” was a sign of Allah’s mercy upon mankind. He had chosen yet once again to guide His people towards the right path through His messenger peace be upon him. The prophet peace be upon him belonged to one of the most famous tribes in Arabia. He was an orphan since his birth. His mother died when he turned six. After the tragic death of his grandfather too, Abu Talib, his uncle took him in his custody. The Prophet was an illiterate man and worked as a shepherd in his youth.

 

As the prophet peace be upon him neared the age of forty, he started spending most of his time in solitude. He would leave the crowded town and find himself a deserted spot up the mountains. He would be absent from home for as long as his provisions lasted.

Continue reading

Rebuilding of the Ka’bah |#WhoIsMohammad PBUH

Allahuma-Sali-ala-sayidna-Muhammad-was-salim

Arabia was submerged and engulfed by the violent and unwise practices of its people. The birth of the prophet in the “Times of Ignorance” was a sign of Allah’s mercy upon mankind. He had chosen yet once again to guide His people towards the right path through His messenger peace be upon him. The prophet peace be upon him belonged to one of the most famous tribes in Arabia. He was an orphan since his birth. His mother died when he turned six. After the tragic death of his grandfather too, Abu Talib, his uncle took him in his custody. The Prophet was an illiterate man and worked as a shepherd in his youth.

Episode 4

The incident took place when the Prophet (peace be upon him) was thirty five years old, five years before he embarked on the holy mission. It so happened that Makkah was hit by a great flood which almost demolished the Ka’bah. The Makkan tribes decided to reconstruct the Ka’bah. This was done due to some other reasons as well.
1. It was a low building of white stones no more than nine arm’s length.
2. It was also roofless leaving thieves easy access to its treasures inside.
3. It was also exposed to the wearing factors of nature – because it was built so long ago.1
Even though the Quraish were indulged in all unjust practices and idol worship yet the chiefs of Quraish made it clear that money earned through illegal or unjust means will not be invested in the rebuilding project. At the beginning people were a bit reluctant about bringing the walls down, scared that they might be inflicted by Allah’s anger. Finally Al-Walid bin Al-Mughirah Al-Mukhzumi began the task. Seeing that no harm has come to him the others participated. The work continued until they reached the Black stone. At this point a conflict broke out about who would have the honor of placing the sacred Black stone in its place. The arguments reached to the height where bloodshed seemed inevitable. Fortunately, the oldest among the chiefs Abu Ummaiyah bin Mughirah Al-Makhzumi suggested an idea that was acceptable to everyone. He said that” Let him, who enters the Sanctuary first of all decide on the point.”
By Allah’s will it was the prophet (peace be upon him) that entered first. The people of Makkah were rejoiced when they saw him as they knew him for being just and trustworthy. They informed him (peace be upon him) about their objective. He asked for a mantle to be spread across and kept the stone in the middle. He then commanded the chief of every tribe to hold a corner of the mantle and take it over to the respective wall. Upon reaching the assigned position the Prophet (peace be upon him) placed the stone inside with his own hands.
The incident not only mentions how the Prophet (peace be upon him) was able to handle a complicated situation wisely, but also that the people of Makkah viewed the Prophet (peace be upon him) as a trustworthy and honest person.

Bibliography
1. The Sealed Nectar/ Saifur-Rahman Al-Mubarak/ page 79