After his arrival in Madinah, the Prophet (peace be upon him) attended first and foremost to the construction of the Masjid. It was the very site where his camel knelt down. The land belonged to two orphans, it was purchased from them and the Masjid built by using bricks and stones. The Qibla (where the Muslims turn their faces to pray) at the moment was towards Jerusalem. The area was in square form each side measuring approximately about 100 yards. To the north of the Masjid, a place was reserved for the Muslims who had neither family nor home.
Next the Prophet (peace be upon him) turned his attention to uniting ties between the Ansaar (the helpers) and the Muhajirun (the emigrants). Ninety men gathered at the house of Anas bin Malik (May Allah be pleased with him), half of them were emigrants and the other half helpers. The Prophet (peace be upon him) gave them the spirit of brotherhood and either of two people were joined as brothers.
The Prophet (peace be upon him) next went on establishing friendly relationship with Non-Muslim tribes of Arabia. He carefully prepared a document concerning Emigrants and Helpers and those who followed and strove with them.
- They are one nation to the exclusion of other people.
- The Emigrants of Quraish shall unite together and pay blood money from among themselves, and ransom honorably their prisoners. Every tribe of the Helpers shall unite together, as they were at first, and every section among them will pay a ransom for releasing its relative prisoners.
- Believers shall not leave anyone poor among them by not paying his redemption money or blood money in kind.
- Whoever is rebellious or whoever seeks to spread enmity and sedition, the hand of every God-fearing man shall be against him, even if he be his son.
- A believer shall not kill another believer nor shall he support a disbeliever against a believer.
- The protection of Allah is one (and equal) extended to the humblest of the believers.
- The believers are supported by each other.
- Whosoever of the Jews follows us, shall have aid and help, they shall not be injured nor any enemy be aided against them.
And so the list goes on…..
The Prophet (peace be upon him) educated the Muslims to observe righteousness, praiseworthy manners, ethics of good relations, honor and nobility. Here are some of the virtues he used to tell his followers.
(المسلم من سلم المسلمون من لسانه و يديه)
“The Muslim is the one from whose tongue and hands the Muslims are safe”
(ارحموا من في الارض يرحمكم من في السماء)
“Show mercy to people on earth so that Allah will have mercy on you in heaven.”
(ليس المؤمن بالذي يشبع و جاره جائع إلى جانبه)
“He is not a perfect believer, who goes to bed full and knows that his neighbor is hungry”.
*All the references are taken from The sealed Nectar/Safiur Rahman Al Mubarakpuri.