Migration to Abyssinia |#WhoIsMohammad PBUH

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PART 10
The series of persecution started in the late period of the fourth year of Prophet-hood and continued steadily and began increasing day by day and month by month. This was when the Prophet instructed his followers to migrate to Abbyssinia (Ethiopia) which was ruled by a fair ruler. 
On Rajab in the fifth year of Prophet-hood,  a group of 12 men and five women migrated to Madinah. Among them was Uthman bin Affan and his wife Ruqayya (the daughter of the Prophet). The news of their migration reached the Quraysh and they tried to trace their tracks,  but in vain,  they had already left the shore and reached their safe haven where they were received warmly.
During Ramadan of the same year,  the Prophet went to the Holy Sanctuary where there was a group of the notables of Quraysh and began reciting Surah AlNajm. The Quraysh when the came into direct contacts with the words of Allah, prostrated unconsciously when the divine message took an effect on them. Now this was misinterpreted by the Muslims  in Abyssinia that all of Quraysh had accepted Islam. Some of them made their way back home and on the way they came to know of the reality and returned back to Ethiopia. While others sneaked their way into Makkah. 
However, due to the news that transpired to the Makkans about the good hospitality and warm welcome that the Muslims were accorded in Abyssinia (Ethiopia), the polytheists got terribly indignant and started to mete out severer and more horrible maltreatment and tortures to the Muslims. Thereupon the Messenger of Allah [pbuh] deemed it imperative to permit the helpless creatures to seek asylum in Abyssinia (Ethiopia) for the second time. Migration this time was not as easy as it was the previous time, for Quraish was on the alert to the least suspicious moves of the Muslims. In due course, however, the Muslims managed their affairs too fast for the Quraishites to thwart their attempt of escape. The group of emigrants this time comprised of eighty three men and nineteen or, in some versions eighteen women. Whether or not Ammar was included is still a matter of doubt.
Quraish could not tolerate the prospect of a secure haven available for the Muslims in Abyssinia (Ethiopia), so they dispatched two staunch envoys to demand their extradition. They were ‘Amr bin Al-‘As and ‘Abdullah bin Abi Rabi‘a — before embracing Islam. They had taken with them valuable gifts to the king and his clergy, and had been able to win some of the courtiers over to their side. The pagan envoys claimed that the Muslim refugees should be expelled from Abyssinia (Ethiopia) and made over to them, on the ground that they had abandoned the religion of their forefathers, and their leader was preaching a religion different from theirs and from that of the king.
 
The king summoned the Muslims to the court and asked them to explain the teachings of their religion. The Muslim emigrants had decided to tell the whole truth whatever the consequences were. Ja‘far bin Abi Talib stood up and addressed the king in the following words: “O king! we were plunged in the depth of ignorance and barbarism; we adored idols, we lived in unchastity, we ate the dead bodies, and we spoke abominations, we disregarded every feeling of humanity, and the duties of hospitality and neighborhood were neglected; we knew no law but that of the strong, when Allâh raised among us a man, of whose birth, truthfulness, honesty, and purity we were aware; and he called to the Oneness of Allâh, and taught us not to associate anything with Him. He forbade us the worship of idols; and he enjoined us to speak the truth, to be faithful to our trusts, to be merciful and to regard the rights of the neighbors and kith and kin; he forbade us to speak evil of women, or to eat the substance of orphans; he ordered us to fly from the vices, and to abstain from evil; to offer prayers, to render alms, and to observe fast. We have believed in him, we have accepted his teachings and his injunctions to worship Allah, and not to associate anything with Him, and we have allowed what He has allowed, and prohibited what He has prohibited. For this reason, our people have risen against us, have persecuted us in order to make us forsake the worship of Allâh and return to the worship of idols and other abominations. They have tortured and injured us, until finding no safety among them, we have come to your country, and hope you will protect us from oppression.”
 
The king was very much impressed by these words and asked the Muslims to recite some of Allâh’s Revelation. Ja‘far recited the opening verses of Sûrah Maryam (Chapter 19 — Mary) wherein is told the story of the birth of both John and Jesus Christ, down to the account of Mary having been fed with the food miraculously. Thereupon the king, along with the bishops of his realm, was moved to tears that rolled down his cheeks and even wet his beard. Here, the Negus exclaimed: “It seems as if these words and those which were revealed to Jesus are the rays of the light which have radiated from the same source.” Turning to the crest-fallen envoys of Quraish, he said, “I am afraid, I cannot give you back these refugees. They are free to live and worship in my realm as they please.”
On the morrow, the two envoys again went to the king and said that Muhammad [pbuh] and his followers blasphemed Jesus Christ. Again the Muslims were summoned and asked what they thought of Jesus. Ja‘far again stood up and replied: “We speak about Jesus as we have been taught by our Prophet [pbuh] , that is, he is the servant of Allâh, His Messenger, His spirit and His Word breathed into Virgin Mary.” The king at once remarked, “Even so do we believe. Blessed be you, and blessed be your master.” Then turning to the frowning envoys and to his bishops who got angry, he said: “You may fret and fume as you like but Jesus is nothing more than what Ja‘far has said about him.” He then assured the Muslims of full protection. He returned to the envoys of Quraish, the gifts they had brought with them and sent them away. The Muslims lived in Abyssinia (Ethiopia) unmolested for a number of years till they returned to Madinah. [Ibn Hisham 1/334-338]
 
From this it is obvious that the question and answer session between Jafar and Negus took place when they first arrived in Abyssinia
[Saifur-Rahman Al-Mubarakpuri. “Open Preaching.” Ar-Raheequl Makhtum. Second ed. Riyadh: Darussalam, 2008. 118-23. Print.]

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Quraysh confront Abu Talib |#WhoIsMohammad PBUH

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Arabia was submerged and engulfed by the violent and unwise practices of its people. The birth of the prophet in the “Times of Ignorance” was a sign of Allah’s mercy upon mankind. He had chosen yet once again to guide His people towards the right path through His messenger peace be upon him. The prophet peace be upon him belonged to one of the most famous tribes in Arabia. He was an orphan since his birth. His mother died when he turned six. After the tragic death of his grandfather too, Abu Talib, his uncle took him in his custody. The Prophet was an illiterate man and worked as a shepherd in his youth. After receiving the divine revelation, the Prophet [Peace be upon him] started to preach the message of Islam to his close family and friends. Khadijah, Abu Bakr, Ali, Zaid [May Allah be pleased with them all] were amongst the first ones to embrace Islam. The Quraysh couldn’t tolerate the principles of Islam as it condemned acts of violence, corruption, and idol worship. As a result they started persecuting the newly converted Muslims. 

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Persecutions upon Muslims |#WhoIsMohammad PBUH

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PART 8

The mushrikeen (non-believers) leaders of Quraish were not at all pleased by the call of Prophet (peace be upon him), so they came up with a plan. They all gathered at the Ka’abah and called him out to negotiate with them. They said to him:

“If you have brought these words seeking wealth, then we will gather for you so that you will be the wealthiest of us. If you are seeking honor among us, then we will make you our leader. If you are seeking sovereignty then we will make you our kin. If that which has come to you is a jinni that has overwhelmed you, then we will spend all our wealth seeking a remedy for you until you are healed of it.”

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Open Preaching and Reaction of the Quraysh| #WhoIsMuhammad?

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After receiving the divine revelation, the Prophet [Peace be upon him] started to preach the message of Islam to his close family and friends. Khadijah, Abu Bakr, Ali, Zaid [May Allah be pleased with them all] were amongst the first ones to embrace Islam.

EPISODE 7

The Prophet [Peace be upon him] continued to preach secretly for 3 years until Allah commanded him to spread the message of truth openly and publicly.

Allah says: [وأنذر عشيرتك الأقربين]

And warn (O Muhammed) your nearest kindred. [26:214]

 

One day the Prophet (ﷺ) ascended Safa mountain and said, “Oh Sabah! ” All the Quraish gathered round him and said, “What is the matter?” He said, Look, if I told you that an enemy is going to attack you in the morning or in the evening, would you not believe me?” They said, “Yes, we will believe you.” He said, “I am a warner to you in face of a terrible punishment.” On that Abu Lahab said, “May you perish ! Is it for this thing that you have gathered us?” …

[Bukhari Book 65 Hadith 4801]

On his statement Allah revealed Surah Masad where He informed of Abu Lahab’s severe punishment which he earned by insulting the Messenger of Allah and rejecting the divine message:

[Perish the hands of the Father of Flame! Perish he! (1) No profit to him from all his wealth, and all his gains! (2) Burnt soon will he be in a Fire of Blazing Flame! (3)] 111:1-3

 

After the Prophet [Peace be upon him] started preaching publicly, the number of people entering the fold of Islam started increasing day by day. The Quraiysh became fearful of the new religion their people were becoming committed to. They wanted the religion of their forefathers to prevail over Arabia for as long as possible. They knew the new religion Mohammad was preaching didn’t allow them to practice any immoral and corrupt laws. They decided to stop people from converting to Islam by torturing the newly converted Muslims.

Arise and Warn | #WhoIsMohammad PBUH

Allahuma-Sali-ala-sayidna-Muhammad-was-salimArabia was submerged and engulfed by the violent and unwise practices of its people. The birth of the prophet in the “Times of Ignorance” was a sign of Allah’s mercy upon mankind. He had chosen yet once again to guide His people towards the right path through His messenger peace be upon him. The prophet peace be upon him belonged to one of the most famous tribes in Arabia. He was an orphan since his birth. His mother died when he turned six. After the tragic death of his grandfather too, Abu Talib, his uncle took him in his custody. The Prophet was an illiterate man and worked as a shepherd in his youth.

EPISODE 6

“O you (Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) enveloped (in garments), arise and warn”
(Qur’an 74:1-2)

Immediately after the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم  got the command from Allah to proclaim the message of Islam, he wasted no time. Calling a group of people who were rooted on idolatry to the oneness of Allah (Tawheed) was not an easy task, Continue reading

Jibreel comes down with the Quran |#WhoIsMohammad PBUH

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EPISODE 5

Arabia was submerged and engulfed by the violent and unwise practices of its people. The birth of the prophet in the “Times of Ignorance” was a sign of Allah’s mercy upon mankind. He had chosen yet once again to guide His people towards the right path through His messenger peace be upon him. The prophet peace be upon him belonged to one of the most famous tribes in Arabia. He was an orphan since his birth. His mother died when he turned six. After the tragic death of his grandfather too, Abu Talib, his uncle took him in his custody. The Prophet was an illiterate man and worked as a shepherd in his youth.

 

As the prophet peace be upon him neared the age of forty, he started spending most of his time in solitude. He would leave the crowded town and find himself a deserted spot up the mountains. He would be absent from home for as long as his provisions lasted.

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