PRE ISLAMIC ARABIA, PROPHET HOOD, ISLAM
Corruption, crime, fraud, anarchy, and confusion are some of the terms frequently used to describe the pre Islamic Arabia. The Arabs were divided into two categories, the rulers and the ruled. The rulers were used to an extravagant lifestyle. Their behavior with the slaves of their society was that of dictatorship, cruelty and oppression. Tribal system was prevalent throughout the peninsula and it was only natural for a Bedouin to have deep seated emotional attachment towards his tribe. Countless large scale wars would erupt over the slightest of issues.
The Arabs followed a mixture of cultures. Women of superior clans were respected while that of the inferior clans were taken as property, bought and sold at the will of their masters. Four types of marriages were common in their culture, depending heavily upon illicit sexual relationships. Men could marry as many women as they wanted, even those of their fathers or sons. Some Arabs would kill their female children out of the fear of poverty and disgrace. Gambling, bribery, and adultery were common practices.
The Arabs initially followed the teachings of Prophet Abraham but soon their belief in one god was corrupted by introduction of various idols in the Ka’abah and before the advent of Islam polytheism was the mostly followed religion by the Arabs. Judaism was followed by tribes living closer to Yasrib (present day Madinah) and Christianity was also followed by a small number of people.
When Allah سبحانه وتعالى sent Adam عليه السلام down, He promised to send messengers who would bring the word of Allah and His commandments to the people of their time. Judaism and Christianity are such two widely accepted divine religions from Allah سبحانه وتعالى . This article talks about Arabia 1400 years ago when Christianity had been corrupted and changed by its followers. A new religion that could wipe off corruption, set down laws and commandments that would bring solidarity to the people, and bring peace to Arabia and its adjacent places was a need of the time.
Islam is the last divine religion from Allah سبحانه وتعالى that came to the nation of the Arabs. Quran is the religious scripture of the Muslims and it was revealed upon Prophet Mohammad peace be upon him. This series will talk about the life of Prophet Mohammad صلى الله عليه وسلم and events that led to Islam becoming the fastest growing global religion.
As to why did the Arabs become upholders and originators of Islam is a well thought question. Although Arabs were not pious and god fearing. They were rather morally corrupted with bitter minds and souls, but they were also well known for upholding virtues like hospitality, keeping covenants, having strong sense of justice, high determination, and courage. These qualities made them suitable adherents and supporters of Islam in its early days.