Rebuilding of the Ka’bah |#WhoIsMohammad PBUH

Allahuma-Sali-ala-sayidna-Muhammad-was-salim

Arabia was submerged and engulfed by the violent and unwise practices of its people. The birth of the prophet in the “Times of Ignorance” was a sign of Allah’s mercy upon mankind. He had chosen yet once again to guide His people towards the right path through His messenger peace be upon him. The prophet peace be upon him belonged to one of the most famous tribes in Arabia. He was an orphan since his birth. His mother died when he turned six. After the tragic death of his grandfather too, Abu Talib, his uncle took him in his custody. The Prophet was an illiterate man and worked as a shepherd in his youth.

Episode 4

The incident took place when the Prophet (peace be upon him) was thirty five years old, five years before he embarked on the holy mission. It so happened that Makkah was hit by a great flood which almost demolished the Ka’bah. The Makkan tribes decided to reconstruct the Ka’bah. This was done due to some other reasons as well.
1. It was a low building of white stones no more than nine arm’s length.
2. It was also roofless leaving thieves easy access to its treasures inside.
3. It was also exposed to the wearing factors of nature – because it was built so long ago.1
Even though the Quraish were indulged in all unjust practices and idol worship yet the chiefs of Quraish made it clear that money earned through illegal or unjust means will not be invested in the rebuilding project. At the beginning people were a bit reluctant about bringing the walls down, scared that they might be inflicted by Allah’s anger. Finally Al-Walid bin Al-Mughirah Al-Mukhzumi began the task. Seeing that no harm has come to him the others participated. The work continued until they reached the Black stone. At this point a conflict broke out about who would have the honor of placing the sacred Black stone in its place. The arguments reached to the height where bloodshed seemed inevitable. Fortunately, the oldest among the chiefs Abu Ummaiyah bin Mughirah Al-Makhzumi suggested an idea that was acceptable to everyone. He said that” Let him, who enters the Sanctuary first of all decide on the point.”
By Allah’s will it was the prophet (peace be upon him) that entered first. The people of Makkah were rejoiced when they saw him as they knew him for being just and trustworthy. They informed him (peace be upon him) about their objective. He asked for a mantle to be spread across and kept the stone in the middle. He then commanded the chief of every tribe to hold a corner of the mantle and take it over to the respective wall. Upon reaching the assigned position the Prophet (peace be upon him) placed the stone inside with his own hands.
The incident not only mentions how the Prophet (peace be upon him) was able to handle a complicated situation wisely, but also that the people of Makkah viewed the Prophet (peace be upon him) as a trustworthy and honest person.

Bibliography
1. The Sealed Nectar/ Saifur-Rahman Al-Mubarak/ page 79

His Marriage to Khadijah (May Allah be pleased with her) | #WhoIsMuhammed PBUH

Allahuma-Sali-ala-sayidna-Muhammad-was-salim

Arabia was submerged and engulfed by the violent and unwise practices of its people. The birth of the prophet in the “Times of Ignorance” was a sign of Allah’s mercy upon mankind. He had chosen yet once again to guide His people towards the right path through His messenger peace be upon him. The prophet peace be upon him belonged to one of the most famous tribes in Arabia. He was an orphan since his birth. His mother died when he turned six. After the tragic death of his grandfather too, Abu Talib, his uncle took him in his custody. The Prophet was an illiterate man and worked as a shepherd in his youth.

EPISODE 3

 

Prophet Muhammed peace be upon him was known to be Al-Sadiq (truthful) and Al-Ameen (trustworthy) due to his extreme honesty and fairness in all matters.

At that time Khadija (May Allah be pleased with her), a respectful rich businesswoman, was in search of someone who could carry her goods to Syria for trade. Upon hearing about the honesty and trustworthiness of the Prophet peace be upon him, she entrusted him with her goods. She also sent Maisara, her slave with the prophet peace be upon him.

Upon their return from Syria, Maisera told Khadija (May Allah be pleased with her) about the distinct character of the Prophet peace be upon him, his honesty, his fairness, and his dedication. Apart from that, Khadija (May Allah be pleased with her) also noticed how he came back with a much larger profit from her merchandise than all other men she had hired before.

Impressed by his dignity and fine personality, Khadija (May Allah be pleased with her) who was approached by many notable men before for marriage, sent out a proposal to the Prophet peace be upon him..

Despite Khadija (May Allah be pleased with her) being previously married , having children and older than him 15 years , the Prophet (Peace be upon him) accepted her proposal and sent his uncles to her uncle’s for discussion over this matter. They were married after his return from Syria. He peace be upon him was twenty five years old and she was forty. The Prophet (Peace be upon him) gave her twenty camels as dowry and the marriage sermon was delivered by Abu Talib.

She was the first wife of the Prophet (Peace be upon him) and he (Peace be upon him) loved her immensely that he did not marry any other woman until her death. They were blessed with four daughters: Zainab, Ruqayah, Umm Khulsoom and Fatima and two sons: Al Qasim and Abdullah (May Allah be pleased with all of them.)

Their sons passed away in infancy whereas all the daughters accepted Islam and migrated to Madinah. All of them passed away in his (peace be upon him) life except for Fatima (May Allah be pleased with her), who passed away 6 months after his death.

She was a successful merchant,from a high lineage, known for her wisdom and one of the best women amongst the Arabs, she was the main support system of the Prophet (Peace be upon him) all her life, she gave him comfort and stood by him in the most difficult of times even when the people didn’t believe him being the messenger of Allah. . As the Prophet (Peace be upon him) said: ‘ She believed in me when no one else did’.He used to send her friends gifts and honor everyone related to her.

Such was the beauty in their relationship !

 

Bibliography

Al-Mubarakpuri, S.2008. The Sealed Nectar. Darussalam, second edition.

Lineage and Early Days | #WhoIsMuhammad PBUH

Allahuma-Sali-ala-sayidna-Muhammad-was-salim

PART 2

LINEAGE AND EARLY DAYS

The prophet peace be upon him belonged to the Hashemite family, named after his great grandfather Hashim Bin Abd Manaf. Banu Hashim was responsible for giving food and water to the pilgrims. The responsibility of feeding the pilgrims was passed on to the prophet’s grandfather, Abdul Muttalib. He is famous for restoring the well of Zamzam from which thousands of pilgrims drank. This became a tradition and to this day millions of pilgrims enjoy its fresh water. The Prophet’s father Abdullah was the smartest and most loved son of Abdul Muttalib. He was married to Aminah, daughter of a prominent chief of Banu Zahra. Abdullah died while he was returning from a trade journey from Syria in Madinah at the age of 25.

The Prophet peace be upon him was born on the 9th of Rabi ul Awwal in the year of Elephant (The incident when Abraha, king of Yemen marched to Makkah to bring down the Ka’abah on an Elephant). He was named Mohammad which was a very rare name amongst the Arabs by his grandfather.

It was a common Arab custom to send children to Bedouin nurses for their upbringing in a clean and healthy environment. The prophet peace be upon him was entrusted to Halimah Bint Abi Dhuaib. The Prophet stayed with her for around four or five years. Halimah grew worried about the prophet peace be upon him after the incident of the opening of his chest by angel Jibreel.

It was narrated from Anas ibn Malik (may Allah be pleased with him) that that Jibreel came to the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) when he was playing with the other boys. He took hold of him and threw him to the ground, then he opened his chest and took out his heart, from which he took a clot of blood and said: “This was the Satan’s share of you.” Then he washed it in a vessel of gold that was filled with Zamzam. Then he put it back together and returned it to its place. The boys went running to his mother – meaning his nurse – and said: Muhammad has been killed! They went to him and his color had changed. Anas said: I used to see the mark of that stitching on his chest.

Narrated by Muslim (162).

She decided to give him back to his mother after the incident.

Aminah took the prophet peace be upon him to Madinah to visit her husband’s grave. She died on their way back to Makkah. Thus, Mohammad peace be upon him lost both his parents at the tender age of six.

His grandfather Abdul Muttalib took him in his care. He loved the Prophet with all his heart. He would favor the prophet over his own sons. Sadly, he too passed away when the prophet peace be upon him was eight years old. Abu Talib, the uncle of the Prophet peace be upon him took him in after the demise of his father (Abdul Muttalib).

When the Prophet peace be upon him turned twelve, he accompanied Abu Talib on a trade journey to Syria. Bahira, a monk came to meet the caravan when they reached Busra. He recognized the Prophet and said while taking his hand:

“This is the master of all humans. Allah will send him with a Message which will be a mercy to all beings.”

Abu Talib asked: “How do you know that?”

He replied: “When you appeared from the direction of ‘Aqabah, all stones and trees prostrated themselves, which they never do except for a Prophet. I can recognize him also by the seal of Prophet hood which is below his shoulder, like an apple. We have found this in our books.”

He also asked Abu Talib to send the boy back to Makkah and not to take him to Syria for fear of the Romans and Jews. Abu Talib obeyed and sent him back to Makkah with some of his men servants.

(At-Tirmidhi no.3620)

It is reported that the prophet peace be upon him worked as a shepherd in his early youth. Herding sheep has been a famous occupation for many prophets. This gave the Prophet peace be upon him time to ponder upon his surroundings, the celestial bodies, the desert and other creations.

 

Bibliography

Al-mubarakpuri, S.2008. The Sealed Nectar. Darussalam, second edition.

 

 

WHO IS MOHAMMAD PEACE BE UPON HIM?

Allahuma-Sali-ala-sayidna-Muhammad-was-salim

PART 1
PRE ISLAMIC ARABIA, PROPHET HOOD, ISLAM

Corruption, crime, fraud, anarchy, and confusion are some of the terms frequently used to describe the pre Islamic Arabia. The Arabs were divided into two categories, the rulers and the ruled. The rulers were used to an extravagant lifestyle. Their behavior with the slaves of their society was that of dictatorship, cruelty and oppression. Tribal system was prevalent throughout the peninsula and it was only natural for a Bedouin to have deep seated emotional attachment towards his tribe. Countless large scale wars would erupt over the slightest of issues.

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