As promised, in this post I ll be covering one of the most important and crucial topics which needs to be addressed and be cleared: Bi’dah.
I want you to imagine with me the Day of Judgement, when the Prophet Peace be Upon Him will be standing near the Hawdh Al Khauthar , the believers standing lines, having their turns in drinking the Hawdh water from his beloved hands. Its your turn next but as soon as you come near him peace be upon him, you will be stopped!!
Upon this he would say: My Lord, he is one of my people, and He (the Lord) would say: You do not know that he innovated new things (in Islam) after you.
So what does innovation (bi’dah) actually mean?
It is defined as: Any invented way in religion that is aimed at worshipping or drawing closer to Allah. This means anything that is not referred to specifically in Sharee’ah, and for which there is no evidence (daleel) in the Qur’aan or Sunnah, and which was not known at the time of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and his Companions. At the same time, it is quite obvious that this definition of religious inventions or innovations, which are condemned, does not include worldly inventions [such as cars and washing machines, etc. We have addressed it in this post. ]
Let’s take an example to clarify it further in sha Allah.
You know those wending machine where we out some money to buy something to eat or drink, inside it there is computer fitted which recognizes the currency of the respected country and rejects any other currency put in. So here all other currencies except the Saudi Riyal wont work.
Similarly on the Day of Judgement, the deeds will be seen and the criteria of acceptance is which deeds where done according to what and how the Prophet did, every deed other than that will be rejected and not counted like that foreign currency inserted in the wending machine.
People often say practice newly forms of worship saying we aren’t doing anything bad, it’s a form of worship how can it be bad? To which I shall reply: For example, we all know in one ra’kat there are 2 sajdahs (prostration) but what if I do a third one in which I’ll glorify Allah in it and make dua but if you ask any scholar regarding this third sajdah, they all will say it’s not correct without any difference of opinion among them. So how is this Sajdah wrong in which I am making dua and glorifying Allah?
It wrong because the Prophet didn’t do it that way.
In order for any act of worship to be accepted there are 2 conditions that must be present:
- It is done sincerely for Allah’s sake.
- It is done according to the Sunnah of the Prophet.
The accordance to Sunnah is in respect to reason, type, amount, manner, time and place.
So the Asr prayer has a prescribed time and amount of ra’kats to be prayed, you cannot pray it in any other time or other than 4 ra’kats. Similarly, the Day of Arafah cannot be spent in any other place like Mina or Muzdalifa, it has been prescribed to be spent in Arafah so it should be done there only.
The Prophet has said : Beware of newly invented matters [in the religion], for verily every bidah (innovation) is misguidance.”
The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ said, “He who innovates something in this matter of ours (i.e., Islam) that is not of it will have it rejected (by Allah).” [Bukhari & Muslim]
Bid’ah includes introducing acts which has no bases in Islam like touching graves and it also includes adhering to specific acts of worship at specific times that were not defined as such in sharee‘ah such as always fasting on the fifteenth of Sha‘ban and spending that night in prayer.
Some most commonly acts of Bi’dah include:
1. Celebrating the Prophet’s birthday.
2. Celebrating 27th Rajab.
3. Mourning on the 3rd, 10th, 40th and on the yearly death anniversary of the deceased
4. Sacrificing animals in the name of saints
5. Saying out loud the intention for prayer or fasting etc.
If it was good and beneficial, remember whatever the Prophet taught us was from the commandments of Allah, His law and Shairah, and He subhan wa tale is the Most Knowledgeable and Wise, if He didn’t prescribe it there is a reason, just stick to what He said correctly rather than arguing and fighting over which is not there. It is a perfect religion and there is no need of alteration in it.
“This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion”
Before doing anything you hear or read about, please make sure you check with authentic sources about its place in the den, don’t waste your energies in deeds which have no bases, we already hardly do any good deeds lets make sure the ones we do are the accepted ones and not the rejected ones. And its not necessary all that our society does or our forefathers did was correct, check all your traditions and customs before passing them to your children, stop the wrong ones encourage the right ones.