Allah swt has said:
يا أيها الذين آمنوا اتقوا الله
O you who have believed, fear Allah [2:227]
So what is Taqwa?
Sheikh Bin Baz ( May Allah swt have mercy on him) has said:
Taqwa is the obedience of Allah and His Messenger PBUH and leaving what they have prohibited sincerely for the Sake of Allah swt with a true belief in Him and His Messenger PBUH and what they have said and to earn the reward Allah has promised and be saved from His Punishment.
يا أيها الذين آمنوا اتقوا الله حق تقاته ولا تموتن إلا وأنتم مسلمون
O you who have believed, fear Allah as He should be feared and do not die except as Muslims [in submission to Him]. [3:102]
Ibn Masood(May Allah be pleased with him) had said in the Tafseer of the above verse:
That the servant obeys and not disobeys, he remembers and not forgets, he thanks and does not be ungrateful.
Taqwa is so be alert.
It is to be fearful.
It is to ponder on every step we take whether this is action will please Allah swt or displease Him.
The promise of Allah for the Mutaqeen ( those who have Taqwa):
1. Love of Allah swt.
بلى من أوفى بعهده واتقى فإن الله يحب المتقين
But yes, whoever fulfills his commitment and fears Allah – then indeed, Allah loves those who fear Him. [3:76]
2. Allah’s Mercy in this life and the next.
واكتب لنا في هذه الدنيا حسنة وفي الآخرة إنا هدنا إليك قال عذابي أصيب به من أشاء ورحمتي وسعت كل شيء فسأكتبها للذين يتقون ويؤتون الزكاة والذين هم بآياتنا يؤمنون
And decree for us in this world [that which is] good and [also] in the Hereafter; indeed, we have turned back to You.” [ Allah ] said, “My punishment – I afflict with it whom I will, but My mercy encompasses all things.” So I will decree it [especially] for those who fear Me and give zakah and those who believe in Our verses – [7:156]
3. Allah’s help, victory and support.
إن الله مع الذين اتقوا والذين هم محسنون
Indeed, Allah is with those who fear Him and those who are doers of good. [16:28]
4. Protection from everything that is evil and is feared in this world and the hereafter.
وينجي الله الذين اتقوا بمفازتهم لا يمسهم السوء ولا هم يحزنون
And Allah will save those who feared Him by their attainment; no evil will touch them, nor will they grieve. [39:61]
5. Lightening of the heart.
يا أيها الذين آمنوا اتقوا الله وآمنوا برسوله يؤتكم كفلين من رحمته ويجعل لكم نورا تمشون به ويغفر لكم والله غفور رحيم
O you who have believed, fear Allah and believe in His Messenger; He will [then] give you a double portion of His mercy and make for you a light by which you will walk and forgive you; and Allah is Forgiving and Merciful. [57:28]
6. Gives the servant predominance over Shaitaan.
إن الذين اتقوا إذا مسهم طائف من الشيطان تذكروا فإذا هم مبصرون
Indeed, those who fear Allah – when an impulse touches them from Satan, they remember [Him] and at once they have insight. [7:201]
7. A way to get greater rewards.
وإن تؤمنوا وتتقوا فلكم أجر عظيم
And if you believe and fear Him, then for you is a great reward. [3.179]
8. Expansion of provision and more goodness.
وَمَنْ يَتَّقِ اللَّهَ يَجْعَلْ لَهُ مَخْرَجاً(-) وَيَرْزُقْهُ مِنْ حَيْثُ لا يَحْتَسِبُ
And whoever fears Allah – He will make for him a way out. And will provide for him from where he does not expect..[65:2-3]
9. Allah will relieve their stresses and make things ease for them.
من يتق الله يجعل له من أمره يسرا
And whoever fears Allah – He will make for him of his matter ease.[65:4]
10. Victory over enemies and protection against them.
وإن تصبروا وتتقوا لا يضركم كيدهم شيئا إن الله بما يعملون محيط
And if you are patient and fear Allah , their plot will not harm you at all. Indeed, Allah is encompassing of what they do. [3:120]
11. Attain closeness to Allah swt.
إن أكرمكم عند الله أتقاكم إن الله عليم خبير
Indeed, the most noble of you in the sight of Allah is the most righteous of you. Indeed, Allah is Knowing and Acquainted..[49:13]
12. Allah will save them on the Day of Judgement.
ثم ننجي الذين اتقوا ونذر الظالمين فيها جثيّا
Then We will save those who feared Allah and leave the wrongdoers within it, on their knees.[19:72]
13. Allah makes attaining knowledge easy for them.
واتقوا الله ويعلمكم الله والله بكل شيء عليم
And fear Allah . And Allah teaches you. And Allah is Knowing of all things.[2: 282]
14. The reward of Taqwa is Paradise.
إن للمتقين عند ربهم جنات النعيم
Indeed, for the righteous with their Lord are the Gardens of Pleasure. [68:34]
May Allah swt make us from these people. Ameen